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Dr U.S. Kini Dr. P.S.V. Rao
Endoscopic Endocrine Surgeon

Kadri Clinic,
2186, D Block, 3rd Main,
Sahakara Nagar,
Bangalore-560092. India

Ph: +91-98450 61355
Email: drpsvrao@gmail.com

Endocrine Surgery
What Is Endocrine?
  Endocrine means ‘secreting internally’. The endocrine system consists of many small ductless glands in different parts of the body and the various hormones (chemical messengers) produced and released by them into the blood stream. They influence almost every cell, organ, and function of our body. The endocrine system regulates growth, body functions, energy release, mood as well as sexual function and reproductive processes. The nervous system receives sensory inputs and controls functions requiring a fast response like breathing and body movement. These two systems work in harmony to ensure proper functioning of the entire body. The glands of the human endocrine system are the hypothalamus, pituitary, pineal body (all just beneath the brain), thyroid, parathyroids (in the neck), adrenals, islets in the pancreas, and the reproductive glands- ovaries / testes (also called gonads). Some non-endocrine organs - such as the brain, heart, kidneys, stomach, intestines, liver, skin, fat cells and placenta - also produce and release hormones.
What are the major Endocrine glands and their function?
  Endocrine surgery is surgery done for endocrine gland tumors and over active glands. Endocrine gland swellings other than thyroid swellings are rare. Hence only surgeons devoted to these problems i.e. endocrine surgeons acquire enough experience operating on them, though General surgeons, Endoscopic surgeons and other specialists (ENT specialists, Head & Neck surgeons, Urologists, Cancer surgeons) do perform endocrine surgeries. Specialist endocrine surgery experience and facilities are available at very few centers around the world. We have experience of both endoscopic (minimally invasive) surgeries and open endocrine surgeries, a very rare combination. Hence in addition to effective and safe surgery, we are able to offer our patients many options. We perform surgery for a variety of Endocrine problems:
Thyroid swellings (Goiter):
Thyroid cancer:
Papillary thyroid cancer
Follicular thyroid cancer
Hurthle cell thyroid cancer
Medullary thyroid cancer
Poorly (insular and anaplastic) differentiated thyroid cancer
Thyroid nodules
Multinodular goiter
Graves’ disease
Toxic multinodular goiter
Toxic solitary nodule
Parathyroid adenoma, hyperplasia and carcinoma (Parathyroid excess / Hyperparathyroidism)
Adrenal tumors, hyperplasia:
Primary adrenal Cushing’s syndrome
Primary hyperaldosteronism (Conn’s syndrome or aldosteronoma)
Virilizing / Feminizing tumors
Incidentally discovered adrenal masses (adrenal “incidentalomas”)
Adrenocortical carcinoma
Isolated adrenal metastas
Virilizing / Feminizing Gonadal tumors
Neuro endocrine tumors, Pancreas Islet cell tumors, hyperplasia, including:
Multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN-1, MEN-2A, MEN-2B)
Familial pheochromocytoma/paraganglioma syndromes
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